Neem which has its botanical name as Azadirachta indica is a famous tree which is equipped with numerous medicinal properties, beneficial to treat many diseases and serves as ingredients in many home remedy. It is usually grown in the Indian subcontinent and now in some parts of the Middle East. It belongs to a mahogany family named Meliaceae.
The trees of neem grow faster and spread leaves broadly to bring out white and fragrant flowers and small drupe fruits which are characterized by bittersweet pulp. Neem leaves are the most important parts of the neem tree, and they are widely used in many subcontinent industries for many medicinal products such as oil, herb, pest repellent, and much more. Due to its many medicinal properties and benefits, Ayurvedic acharyas have named neem with different names such as Nimba (health booster), Pichumarda (destroys skin diseases), and Arishta (body evil power fighter). The properties of neem, as well as its benefits, will be discussed in this content.
Chemical Composition of Neem
Research has shown that neem tree is equipped with many medicinal properties going by its chemical compounds. The highest concentration of Azadirachtin is contained in the seeds of neem. Other chemical compositions of neem are gedunin, nimbinol, salannin, nimbidine, azadirone, nimbin, nimbicidine, and other essential neem liminoids.
Horticultural Uses of Neem
Indians, Africans, and Pakistans have found neem to be most used plant traditionally to preserve cereals and grains from pests by using it to prepare pest repellant. It is prepared by mixing fresh leaves of neem with cereals and grains before storing them in gunny bags or mud bins. Also, the fresh leave of neem paste is applied to the walls of gunny bags or mud bins that contain the cereals and grains to be stored. Dry neem leaves can also be spread over the cereals to coat the grains.
In the other hand, neem oil derived from neem seeds can also act as the best biopesticide to serve as a remedy for pests’ disturbance. The sacks of jute treated with neem oil have also been found useful to store food grains, and it is very efficient and cost effective. Neem can also protect potato moth tubers roots.
The neem tree is also environmentally friendly to be used as a botanical pesticide due to its composition of high concentration of Azadirachtin to prevent insects from destroying plants and enhances the insects’ growth environmentally.
Medicinal Properties of Neem
The tree of neem contains numerous chemical compounds to provide many medicinal properties such as antiarthritic, spermicidal, anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, antibacterial, diuretic, antimalarial, hypoglycaemic, and antifungal properties. The seeds, leaves, flower, and bark of neem are employed in the Ayurvedic medicinal preparations and as well as home remedies for many health problems.
Health Benefits of Neem
The health benefits of neem cannot be over-emphasized, and most of these benefits come from each part of the neem tree. Below are the key health benefits of neem:
- Its flowers are employed in treating intestine disorders.
- The bark of neem serves as antipyretic to aid fever reduction.
- Its fresh leaves juice helps treat skin conditions, wound as well as obesity due to its antibiotic, blood purifying, and antifungal properties.
- Neem when used internally along with herbs like Turmeric (Curcuma longa), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Vidanga(Embelia Ribes) helps to reduce skin ailments like psoriasis ( Click here for ayurvedic psoriasis remedy) , Acne, pimples and fungal infection. Hence this herb is used as main ingredient in Moolika Skin Glow Capsules which are ayurvedic capsules for glowing skin.
- Neem also acts as anti-dandruff herb when used with oil. It helps to remove scalp acne and dandruff (Know about Keshpride Hair oil for dandruff and scalp acne)
- Neem capsules can be used to control diabetes and cholesterol.
- Neem oil is used in treating muscular sprains and arthritis.
- Neem is a good remedy to treat gum diseases.
- It assists in promoting healthy organ systems such as digestive, circulatory, urinary, and respiratory systems because of its detoxifying properties.
- Studies have proven that neem reduces and regulates blood sugar level to help diabetic patients control their blood sugar level.
- Neem enhances healthy heart by lowering blood cholesterol level.
Neem is blessed with many essential properties that arrive at its numerous health benefits as stated above. However, despite these incredible benefits, it is worthy of mention that neem is not advisable to be used by toddlers or infants and those with liver or kidney problems should consult their health care professionals before using any part of this tree. Neem also contains a little sedative nature, and because of this, it should be consumed in moderation especially when taking along with other prescribed drugs. Apart from this, neem is beneficial to both body and soul to enhance overall body health.